Bukit Lawang ePaper created with educational purpose as a research to share important information about flora
and fauna in Gunung Leuser National Park. We are committed to build professional education networks in running the ecotourism
program in Bukit Lawang, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Bukit Lawang Ecotourism established at 2014, comes alongside
its main mission to empower local community in Bukit Lawang and expected to become a guidance for your trip during your holiday
and your adventure in Sumatra. We also offer you our tour package such as jungle trekking, village tour, rafting and many more
activities in the jungle. We hope this program can empower local communities to be able to comprehend ecotourism program.
Sunda clouded leopard (Neofelis Diardi) is a nocturnal animal with body's length up to 95 cm, they are actively hunting at night. These animals spent more time on the trees and moves swiftly through the trees.
Clouded leopards that living in Sumatra and Kalimantan have been confirmed as a separate cat species with the Latin name Neofelis Diardi. The clouded leopard found separated 1.5 million years with their common ancestor from the mainland China species, Neofelis Nebulosa.
Studies have found significant differences between the Sunda clouded leopard in Sumatra (Neofelis Diardi Diardi) and Borneo (Neofelis Diardi Borneensis) with clouded leopard that living in mainland China, Neofelis Nebulosa. In addition to genetic differences, Sunda clouded leopards that found in Sumatra and Kalimantan are smaller and having darker color patterns compared to their ancestors in mainland China.
Rainforests that become habitat for clouded leopard have been eroded since last 10 years, especially in the province of Palembang, Jambi and North Sumatra. The unstoppable logging in Sumatra has become the one of serious problem for this endemic species.
The researchers and scientists believed the Sumatran Toba volcanic eruption had affected the population of Sunda clouded leopard.
The Sumatran Toba eruption that known as a massive supervolcanic eruption which estimated occurred 69,000 to 77,000 years ago has been also linked to the massive bottleneck in human and animal population which have resulted a severe reduction in the size of the total human and animal population due to the effects of the eruption on the global climate. It is also known as the largest explosive eruption on Earth in the last 25 - 30 million years.
The Sunda clouded leopards in Borneo and Sumatra are morphologically different in their skulls and teeth and it is remain unclear what caused the Sunda clouded leopard to evolve into two subspecies.
Now in Sumatra and Borneo (Kalimantan), the palm oil plantations threaten the Sunda clouded leopard. Their forest habitat become smaller due to the palm oil companies that keep expanding so fast in 5 years. Sunda clouded leopard as the rarest cat in the world also faces significant threats such as wildlife trade and poaching by humans. The Sunda clouded leopard in Sumatra and Borneo have been listed as the one of many endangered cats. This led many wildlife lovers are struggling to maintain and protect the Sunda clouded leopard with directly participating against palm oil plantations.
Sunda Clouded Leopard
(Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Mammalia, Order: Carnivora, Family: Felidae, Subfamily: Pantherinae, Genus: Neofelis, Species: Neofelis Diardi).
Viki is working as green patrol officer said "as wildlife lover and protector, I will do my best to protect the jungle and all animals in Gunung Leuser Nationa Park, I really hope, this works can help the population of Sunda clouded leopard rise up".
Author: Bobi Handoko